FADHILA ZA ZIYARA ASHURAA

3-b

Hebu tuangalie Riwaya ambazo zinaonyesha na kuashiria Umuhimu na uhalali wa akisoma Ziyara Ashura.

Riwaya ya Kwanza (1)

Alqamah bin Mohammed bin Hazrami (ra) anasimulia “nilimuomba Imamu Baqir (as) kunifundisha Dua nitakayoisoma siku ya Ashura baada ya kumaliza kusoma Ziyaarat ya Imamu Husein (as) karibu kaburi lake au kutoka mbali na kaburi lake”. Imamu (a.s) akajibu:

“O Alqamah, wakati wowote utakapotaka kusoma Ziyaarat ya Imamu Hussein (as), kwanza Swali rakaa mbili kisha geuka kuelekea kaburi la Imamu Hussein (as) na wakati ukiwa unanyooshe kidole kuelekea huko, kwanza sema “Salam” kisha “Takbir” Baada ya hapo, soma Ziyaarat hii (Ziyarat Ashura). Kama utafanya hivyo, basi utakuwa ni kama vile unasoma dua iliyosomwa na Malaika wanapotemebelea kaburi la Imam (as). Aidha, wakati wewe unasoma Ziyaarat hii:

a)      Mwenyezi Mungu atakunyanyua daraja yako mara milioni moja zaidi.

b)     Na utajumuishwa pamoja na watu wale ambao walikuwa mashahidi pamoja na Imamu Hussein (as),

c)      Na siku ya Hukumu, utafufuliwa pamoja na Mashahidi, na

d)     Utapata ujira wa Mitume wote (as) ambao walitembelea kaburi la Imamu Hussein (as) kutoka siku aliuawa mpaka leo.

Na namna ya kusoma Ziyaarat yenyewe ni kama hivi…”(Kisha Imamu (as) akamsomea Alqamah Ziyarat Ashura yote) (al- Kaamil Ziyaarat, Ibn Qulawayh, Sura ya 71. Uk.194).

Mwisho wa Riwaya hii, Imam Baqir (as) anasema:

“Ewe Alqamah, kama unaweza, basi soma Ziyaarat hii kila siku kupeleka salamu kwa Imamu Husein (as) na utapata fadhila (sawa na mwenye kuisoma siku ya Ashura).”

Riwaya ya Pili (2)

Imamu Sadiq (as) anasema: “Mtu ambaye atatembelea kaburi la Imamu Hussein (as) katika siku ya Ashura au kukesha usiku karibu na kaburi lake (as), basi ni sawa na ambaye amepata Shahada pamoja nae (Imam Hussein) “. (Al-Kaamil Ziyaarat, Sura ya 71, Uk. 191) (Aina nyingi za Ziyaaraat zimetajwa kuwa zinaweza kusomwa siku ya Ashura. Lakini Ziyaarat iliyotajwa na Janab Safwan (ra) ni maarufu zaidi na ni katika Hadith Qudsi).

Riwaya ya Tatu (3)

Imamu Sadiq (a.s) amesema kuwa:

“Mtu ambaye atafanya Ziyaara ya Imamu Hussein (as) katika siku ya Ashura, hakika pepo ni wajibu juu yake.” (Al-Anwaar Behaar, Juz. 101, Uk.104)

 

Riwaya ya Nne (4)

Imamu Sadiq (a.s.) anasema:

Mtu ambaye atatembelea kaburi la Imamu Hussein (as) akijua haki yake (ya Uimamu) basi ni kama amefanya ziara ya kumzuru Mwenyezi Mungu katika Arsh.” (Al-Kaamil Ziyaarat, Sura ya 71, Uk. 192.)

Riwaya ya Tano (5)

Abdullah bin Fazl anasimulia, “Siku moja nilikuwa mbele za Imamu Sadiq (as) wakati mtu kutoka katika mji wa “Tuusi” alikuja kumtembelea (as). Na kuuliza “Ewe mtoto wa Mtume wa Mwenyezi Mungu (saww)! Una nini cha kusema kwa mtu ambaye atatembelea kaburi la Aba Abdillah (as) katika siku ya Ashura?”

Imamu (a.s) akasema:

“Oh Tuusi mtu ambaye atatembelea kaburi la Aba Abdillah (as) wakati akitambua kuwa utii wake kwa Imamu ni wajibu utokao kwa Mwenyezi Mungu! Atasamehewa dhambi zake zote ziliyopita na zijazo. Na atapewa nafasi ya kuwaombea watu sabini (70) wenye Madhambi. Na hakutakuwa na dua atakayoiomba kutoka kwa Mwenyezi Mungu karibu na kaburi la Aba Abdillah (as) isipokuwa itakubaliwa.” (Bihaar al- Anwaar, Juz. 101, Uk. 23).

Kwa kuwa tunajadili juu ya maisha ya mtukufu wa tano kati watu watakatifu wa nyumba ya Mtume (a.s), kwa hapa tutatosheka na masimulizi ya riwaya hizi Tano (5). Kwa wale watakaohitaji kuingia kwa undani zaidi katika mada hii wanaweza kurejea katika “Kamil al-Ziyaarat, Bihaar al- Anwaar Juzuu ya 101, Thawaab al- A’ Maal na “Shifa al- Sudur “.

Kama tutazingatia na kutafakari juu ya Riwaya hizo hapo juu, tutatambua miujiza na Athari zilizomo katika kusoma ziyarat Ashura. Riwaya hizi pia zinabeba ushuhuda wa ukweli wa matukio yaliotokea hapo awali.

About Asadiq Media

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Posted on November 8, 2013, in Habari na Matukio and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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