ZAKAT AL-FITRAH

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Zakat Al-Fitra ni sadaka inayotolewa kwa maskini mwishoni mwa mwezi mtukufu wa Ramadhan. Mtu lazima atoe zakat al-Fitra kwa niaba yake mwenyewe na kwa niaba ya kila mtu anayemtegemea kama vile mke na watoto wake. Kiasi cha zakat al-fitra ni kilo tatu ya chakula.

Zakat al-fitra inajumuisha nini?

Zakat al-fitra inaweza kuwa Ngano, Shayiri, Tende, Zabibu, Mahindi, Mchele na chakula kingine cha mfano huo. Pia inatosha kutoa thamani ya Fedha kwa vyakula hivyo.

Kama mtu ni mgeni wa mtu mwingine usiku kabla ya Iddi Al-Fitr na yeye (Mgeni) alilala nyumbani kwa mwenyeji (Mwenye Nyumba) Basi ni wajibu kwa Menyeji (Mwenye Nyumba) kumtolea Zakatul Fitra al-fitra kwa niaba mgeni yake.

Nani anapewa Zakat al-Fitra?

Kipaumbele katika kutoa zakat al-fitra ni kuwapa watu Mafakiri, Maskini wa Kiislamu katika eneo analoishi mtoaji. (Fakiri ni mtu ambaye hana uwezo wa kugharamia mahitaji yake na ya walio chini ya utegemezi wake kwa mwaka mmoja mzima, wala hana njia ya kupata riziki kwa ajili yake mwenyewe na wanaomtegemea.)

Ni kinyume cha sheria za dini kwa mtu ambaye ni wa ukoo Hashim (Ukoo wa Mtume) kuchukua Zakat al-fitra kutoka kwa mtu ambaye si wa ukoo wa Hashim (Ukoo wa Mtume).

Ni nani anapaswa kutoa Zakat al-fitra?

1)    Awe na umri wa Kisharia kutekeleza majukumu ya kidini

2)    Awe aliye Huru na si mtumwa

3)    Awe mwenye uwezo wa kutoa

4)    Asiwe Masikini, wala Mwenyekuhitaji Msaada,

5)    Awe Mwenye fahamu timamu.

Ili kutoa Zaka al-fitra, mtu lazima kutimiza masharti hayo usiku wa kuamkia siku Iddi Al-Fitra.

Wakati gani wa kutoa Zakatul Fitra?

Kwa wale ambao wanaswali Sala ya Iddi, ni Wajibu wa Tahadhari kutoa Fitrah kabla ya sala ya Iddi na kwa wale wasio swali Sala ya Iddi watoe zaka kabla ya Adhuhuri.

Imetafsriwa: AbuuJawad

About Sheikh Jalala

Grand Sheikh and Representative of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Posted on July 4, 2016, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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