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MAUAJI YA HUSSEIN,NANI WA KULAUMIWA? KWANINI YAKUMBUKWE?

Waislamu duniani wameendelea kuyakumbuka na kuyaenzi mapinduzi ya Imam Hussein kwa kuweka vikao mbalimbali katika misikiti na sehemu zingine, Maswali yamebaki kwa

sheikh ayub rashid

baadhi ya waislamu na hata wasiokuwa waislam wanajiuliza kwanini Hussein, na je nani wa Kulaumiwa ? na kwanini Mauaji hayo yakumbukwe?

Hujjatul Islamu, Sheikh Ayub Rashid anaandika haya yafutayo kujibu swali hilo hapo juu

Mauji ya Imam Hussein, nani wa kulaumiwa? Na kwa nini yakumbukwe?

Ilikuwa tarehe 7 Muharram 61 AH ipokuja amri ya kuzuia maji yasiwafikie watu ya kambi ya Imam Hussein na wenzake! Wao walikuwa katika ardhi ya Karbala.Walikaa hivyo bila ya maji kwa muda wa siku tatu!

Asubuhi ya tarehe 10 Muharram 61 AH ilikuja amri kupitia kwa mwanajeshi mwenye amri ya yote siku hiyo, huyo hakuwa mwingine bali Umar bin Saad, mtoto wa swahaba Saad bin Abi Waqqas. Huyu aliteuliwa na Ubeidullah bin Ziyaad, kuliwakilisha kundi la Yazid dhidi ya mjukuu wa Mtume (saw).Amri aliyopewa Umar bin Saad ni kumlazimisha Imam Hussein kutoa baia kwa Yazid, na kama akikataa basi auwawe! Yaani Imam Hussein mjukuu wa Mtume amuunge mkono Yazid kama kiongozi wake! Imam Hussein alikataa amri hiyo!

Wakati hayo yote yakiendelea, mwanajeshi mmoja aliyejuliakana kama Hur bin Yazid al Riyaahi alijikuta haamini aliyokuwa akiyasikia yakiamuliwa ya kumuua imam Hussein, mjukuu wa Mtume.Mazungumzo yakaanza ya pande mbili, kambi ya Umar bin Saad na ya Imam Hussein,hiyo ikiwa ni siku ya 10 Muharram, siku ijulikanayo kama Ashura, katika mwaka wa 61 wa Hijiriyyah.

Kambi ya Yazid ikiongozwa na Umar bin Saad ikimtaka Imam Hussein kutoa baia (Kiapo cha utii) kwa Yazid, na Imam Hussein alikataa ombi hilo kata kata! Kwa sababu kubwa kuwa Yazid hakuwa na sifa za kuwa kiongoz wa Waisilamu. Yazid alikuwa mtu fasiq (muovu)!

Ndipo ilipofika baada ya Adhuhuri ikaja amri ya kuanza vita! Mshale wa kwanza ukatupwa kutokea katika kambi ya Kina Yazid dhidi ya mjukuu wa Mtume Muhammad (saww).

Mapigano

Kabla ya mapigano hayaja anza, yule mwanajeshi, Hur bin Yazid al Riyaahi, alipo ona kuwa wenzake wameazimia kumpiga vita Imam Hussein, na baada ya kuzungumza nao na kuona kuwa maamuzi yao ni ya kweli, aliamua kuikimbia kambi yake na kujiunga na kambi ya Imam Hussein. Rehema ya Allah iwe juu yake.

Mapigano yaka anza ya mtu mmoja mmoja, waka uana wengi wa pande mbili. Jeshi la Yazidi likiua kwa kuwa ni amri ya Yazid dhidi ya waliokosa kutoa baia, na la Imam Hussein likipigana na maadui wa mjukuu wa Mtume Muhammad (saw) kwa kujihami. Lakini kwa kuwa jeshi la Yazid lilikuwa kubwa mno kulinganisha na jeshi la wafuasi wa Imam Hussein, jeshi la watu 72 Au watu 100 na kidogo. Takriban watu wote wanaume waliokuwa wakimuhami Imam Hussein waliuliwa.

Mwisho wa Imam Hussein

Baada ya kubakia pekee yake, Imam Hussein alipigana kiume kujilinda na kujihami na maadui hao, lakini alizidiwa nguvu na majangili hao wengi.

Mwisho aliangushwa chini kwa kupigwa na mti wa chuma, na pia baada ya kupigwa na jiwe kubwa. Akiwa hapo chini aliomba maji ya kunywa, lakini, mjukuu wa Mtume (saw) hakupewa na badala yake akawa akipigwa mateke na kutukanwa matusi makubwa makubwa.

Mwisho Umar bin Saad akatoa amri; “Mmalizeni”!

Ndipo alipokuja Shimri bin Dhil Jaushan, kama wana historia wengi walivyo eleza. Shimri akiwa ameshika kisu kikubwa! Akashika ndevu za Imam Hussein, akaweka kisu hicho kwenye shingo ya mjukuu wa Mtume! Aka anza kukikata…mpaka akakitenganisha na mwili wake!

Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiuun!

Kichwa cha Imam Hussein

Maharamia hao, laana ya Mola iwe juu yao! Wakakitundika kichwa cha mjukuu wa Mtume juu ya mkuki! Wakakata na vichwa vya wafuasi wengine wa Imam Hussein, wakavitundika kwenye mikuki! Wakachoma moto kambi ya Imam Hussein, wakawateka wanawake waliokuwemo humo! Akiwemo mjukuu wa Mtume, bibi Zainab binti Ali bin Abi Twalib, Wakawapeleka kwa liwali au gavana Ubeidullah bin Ziyaad, katika mji wa Kufa.

Ubeidullah bin Ziyaad

Gavana huyu wa Yazid aliyekuwa katika mji wa Kufa, katika nchi ya Iraq, alifurahi sana kukiona kichwa cha mjukuu wa Mtume kimekatwa na vichwa vingine vimepangwa pembeni na wanawake wametekwa nyara. Akatoa maneno mengi ya kashfa na matusi!

Mwisho, akaamua kichwa cha Imam Hussein na vingine vilivyokuwa hapo, pamoja na wanawake hao na mwanamume mmoja tu aliyesalimika kuuliwa siku hiyo, wapelekwe Shaam kwa Yazid bin Muawiya. Huyo aliyesalimika alikuwa ni Ali bin Hussein maarufu kama Imam Sajjad.

Safari ya Shaam ika anza kuelekea kwa Yazid, na hii ilikuwa ni safari ya shida na madhila makubwa kwa walioitwa mateka!

Shaam

Msafara huo wa mateka ulipofika Shaam, watu waliamuriwa wajipange kusherehekea kushindwa kwa wapinzani wa Yazid, amir wa waisilamu, kama alivyo itwa!

Pindi Yazidi alipopelekewa kichwa cha Imam Hussein, alichukua fimbo, akapiga piga mdomo wake, huku akisema “hiki ndicho kimdomo alichokuwa akikibusu Muhammad’!

Akasema maneno ya kufru, kuwa yote hayo ni kisasi cha kulipiza mauaji ya mababu zake waliouliwa katika vita vya Badr! Laiti wangelikuwa hai wangelishuhudia mapigo yake!

Inna Lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiuun!

Kwa nini kumlilia Hussein na sio Hassan?

Baadhi ya watu wameuliza kwa nini kumlilia Hussein na sio kumlilia ndugu yake Hassan au mashahidi wengine waliouliwa kabla yake?

Majibu

Kila mtu mwenye hisia za kibinadamu humlilia Hussein kwa namna alivyouliwa kinyama yeye pamoja na waliokuwa nao. Na kumlilia Hussein alianza babu yake, Mtume Muhammad (saw) kama ilivyokuja katika Hadith ya bibi Ummu Salama, mke wa Mtume (saw).

Na wafuasi wa Ahlulbayt huwalilia wote katika maimamu wao waliouliwa kishahidi na kwa dhulma. Huanza kwa kumlilia Mtume, kisha Ali bin Abi Twalib, kisha Hassan bin Ali na kisha Hussein na wale waliomfuatia miongoni mwa viongozi waliokuja baada yake.

Na hayo unaweza kuyashuhudia katika misikiti ya Mashia na katika kalenda zao ambazo huandika siku za maadhimisho ya kuzaliwa kwa maimamu wao na kuomboleza vifo vyao. Kwa hivyo si kweli kuwa wao humlilia Hussein peke yake!

Kwa nini ikawa msiba wa Imam Hussein umapewa siku nyingi zaidi?

Majibu

Ni kwa sababu ya kuelezea jinsi ya dhulma aliyofanyiwa mjukuu wa Mtume na wale waliodai kuwa wao ni watawala waadilifu wa Kiislamu. Na jinsi watawala hao walivyowalaghai watu na kuwadanganya kwa hila mbali mbali.

Na kuomboleza huku ni kueleza namna Umma ulivyokuwa umelala wakati huo mpaka ukaruhusu mjukuu wa Mtume auwawe kinyama, na kichwa chake kitundikwe katika mkuki na kipitishwe mitaani na watu kushangilia.

Na pia kuelezea namna Yazid, aliyekuwa ‘Amir al Muminin’, alivyokifanyia istihzai kichwa hicho kitukufu! Hayo yote hayatoshi kuomboleza kwa siku moja tu!

Sasa hivi msiba huu unaombolezwa kwa siku unazo ombolezwa ili kuwazindua watu kutoka katika ghafla waliyokuwemo ndani yake! Kwani kuna waisilamu wengi leo hata hawamjui Hussein alikuwa nani? Na Yazid alikuwa nani? Wala hawamjui muovu Ubeidullah bin Ziyad aliyetumwa na Yazid kusimamia mauaji ya mjukuu wa Mtume alikuwa ni mtu wa aina gani na aliamrisha maovu makubwa kiasi gani?

Historia ya kuuliwa Hussein mjukuu wa Mtume ni historia muhimu sana kujulikana leo, ili watu wasije kudanganyika na kuwafuata viongozi kama kina Yazid ambao hawakuwa na sifa ya kuongoza Umma wa Mtume Muhammad, swallallahu alaihi wa aalihi wa sallam.

Naamini hata haya tunayoyaelezea hapa wako watu wengi hawayajui!

Ya Allah tuonyeshe haki kuwa ni haki na uturuzuku kuifuata, na utonyeshe batwil kuwa ni batwil na utuwezeshe kuiepuka.

Imeandikwa na Hujjatul Islam,

Sheikh Ayub Rashid

 

 

Practicing Good Manners

Practicing Good Manners


The human soul is in need of developing educationally in order to become characterized by the best of morals and refrain from evil doings. This can be achieved by teaching ourselves the following points:

  1. Following in the footsteps and copying the examples of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad [s], his infallible household (Ahlul Bayt) and the most righteous among his companions. Studying their biographies and considering all aspects of their virtuous behavior are essential ways of being led on the right path.
  2. Practice makes perfect and we should practice conducting ourselves with the best of morals, like truth, courage, generosity, mercy, benevolence and forgiveness. Whoever repeatedly does good deeds and behaves in a principled manner, such conduct will undoubtedly become habitual, whereas whoever commits misdeeds and ill-natured vices like hypocrisy, lying, deceiving …etc. will accept them to such an extent that they will not feel their abomination and the damage they cause.
  3. Avoiding people characterised by bad manners and not making them friends, because not mixing with such people removes the danger of being misled and should also discourage their unprincipled behaviour.
  4. We should also ask the forgiveness of Allah in case of committing sins or doing evil deeds and should regret and repent for such actions. This can be done through reprimanding ourselves and feeling that such action is bad and should not be repeated.

To Summarise

  1. Good manners surely indicate the goodness of the upright human soul while bad manners indicates that the soul of that man is evil and wicked. A good human soul is like a sweet flower from which fragrant perfume is emitted. Conversely one which is wicked can be likened to a poisonous smell that harms people.
  2. Allah bids us towards the best morals and will reward us accordingly on the Resurrection Day and also forbids us against bad morals for which He will duly punish us.
  3. Bad morals cause the destruction of society and the spread of corruption; he who has vices, his personality will be disliked and he will be liable to punishment, and people will avoid and humiliate him.
  4. The man with good morals is considered the foundation on which the structure of a sound Islamic society is built, and is among the causes of giving strength to Muslims.
  5. But if Muslim communities lose their good morals of justice, mercy and benevolence, they will be destroyed, and all the scientific progress and abundance of wealth can not prevent it. When moral principles are abandoned, the quality of life is disrupted and led astray. Thus we see war, gross injustice and rising crime spreading in immoral societies. Vices like lying, selfishness, greed, deceit and hypocrisy fester in the same way as germs destroy the human body.
  6. The onus is on all Muslims to ensure good morals which are preserved by way of self-education and practicing exemplary behavior.
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